What is Shoulder Dislocation?
The shoulder is one of the most mobile joints in our body and controls many upper body movements. This makes it more susceptible to injuries and dislocations. The shoulder joint has a ball and socket mechanism which is obstructed sometimes due to an accident or a direct fall. The ball is situated on the upper arm bone and during a displacement, it leaves the scapula which causes extreme discomfort and a pause to basic bodily movements.
There can also be other impacts of this dislocation like stretched muscles, tendons, or ligaments, and may require surgery. Choose an experienced orthopedic doctor in Hyderabad to examine your shoulder joint issue and help you get the best treatment and speedy recovery.
Types of Shoulder Dislocation
There are 3 types of shoulder dislocation:
- Anterior (forward) – This is the most common type of dislocation where the humerus head is pushed forward i.e. in the front of the socket. This can happen due to falls or during sports activities. 95% of shoulder dislocation cases are of this type.
- Posterior (behind) – This type occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is pushed behind and moves above the socket. It is a less common dislocation and can usually occur due to electrical shock or seizures. Only 2-4% of dislocations are posterior type.
- Inferior (bottom) – This is a rare type of shoulder dislocation, where the humerus head is pushed down and goes out of the socket. Only 1 in 200 cases is observed as inferior type dislocation.
What are the symptoms of Shoulder Dislocation?
The appearance of the shoulder is one of the clear symptoms of dislocation. Early identification and action are the keys to receiving proper treatment and rapid recovery.
Other common symptoms include:
- Severe pain in the shoulder joint
- Extreme difficulty or pain in moving the arm
- If the shoulder is mushy when touched as if there is no bone
- The affected shoulder can become loose, and the patient may experience pops or clicks.
- There can be tingling, numbness, and weakness in the upper arm
- Swelling and bruising in the case of serious injury
Treatment for dislocated shoulders
In case of injury in the shoulder or continuous pain immediate medical guidance should be taken. Initially, an X-Ray is required to diagnose and examine the type of injury or dislocation. The patient is taken to the emergency room where doctors try to reinsert the humerus without any surgery. The aim of this procedure is to assemble the ball-socket mechanism by placing the ball manually, usually using local anesthesia for pain. This is done to avoid any further damage to the shoulder. The best orthopedic doctor in Hyderabad recommends surgery if the shoulder joint is not cured after the non-surgical treatment.
The recovery time after shoulder dislocation surgery depends on the severity of the injury. But most people recover within a few weeks or months. The key is to understand post-surgery instructions followed by physiotherapy suggested by the doctor. Physiotherapy is an important step to gaining back strength and flexibility after a joint dislocation.
Treatment by the best Orthopedic Surgeon in Hyderabad
Shoulder dislocation pain can be very similar to a fracture or sprain. People often misinterpret it and take counter pills or topical ointments to cure it. But even after these home-based measures, if the pain is persistent, the patient should immediately seek medical help.
If the non-surgical procedure fails and the patient has a history of recurrent shoulder dislocation, surgery is required in such cases. Especially for young athletes because of their physical training they have serious displacements and surgery is the best option for them. If you are experiencing any discomfort or any other symptom of shoulder dislocation, contact the best orthopedic surgeon in Hyderabad.